Government of Canada

Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada

www.international.gc.ca

Facts at a Glance

Afghanistan Canada
Official name Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Canada
Capital Kabul Ottawa
Area (in thousands of km2) 653 9,985
Population (in millions) 30.5 (2013) 35.1 (2013)
Population density (per km2) 47 (2013) 3 (2013)
Urban population (% in 2011) 23 81
Human development index (HDI) (ranking) 175 out of 187 countries (2012) 11 out of 187 countries (2012)
Gross national income (GNI) (per capita) US$410 (2010) US$45,560 (2011)
GNI at purchasing power parity (PPP)
(per capita)
US$910 (2010) US$39,830 (2011)
Population below poverty line at US$1.25 a day (% in 2007-2010) N/A
Structure of gross domestic product (GDP) (% in 2010)
Agriculture 30 2
Industry 22 32
Services 48 66
Gender inequality index (GII) (ranking) 147 out of 148 countries (2012) 18 out of 148 countries (2012)
Life expectancy at birth (years) 35 (1970)
49 (2012)
73 (1970)
81 (2012)
Mortality rate under 5 years old
(per 1,000 live births)
192 (1990)
101 (2011)
8 (1990)
6 (2011)
Adult literacy rate (% in 2005-2010)
Total N/A 99
Men N/A 99
Women N/A 99
Net primary school enrolment rate
(% in 2007-2011)
Total N/A 99
Boys N/A 99
Girls N/A 100
Population using improved drinking water sources (% in 2010)
Total 50 100
Urban 78 100
Rural 42 99
Ecological footprint
(in global hectares per person in 2008)
0.54 6.43