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Facts at a Glance

Malawi Canada
Official name Republic of Malawi Canada
Capital Lilongwe Ottawa
Area (in thousands of km2) 118 9,985
Population (in millions) 16.4 (2013) 35.1 (2013)
Population density (per km2) 139 (2013) 3 (2013)
Urban population (% in 2011) 16 81
Human development index (HDI) (ranking) 170 out of 187 countries (2012) 11 out of 187 countries (2012)
Gross national income (GNI) (per capita) US$340 (2011) US$45,560 (2011)
GNI at purchasing power parity (PPP)
(per capita)
US$870 (2011) US$39,830 (2011)
Population below poverty line at US$1.25 a day (% in 2007-2010) N/A
Structure of gross domestic product (GDP) (% in 2010)
Agriculture 31 2
Industry 16 32
Services 53 66
Gender inequality index (GII) (ranking) 124 out of 148 countries (2012) 18 out of 148 countries (2012)
Life expectancy at birth (years) 41 (1970)
55 (2012)
73 (1970)
81 (2012)
Mortality rate under 5 years old
(per 1,000 live births)
227 (1990)
83 (2011)
8 (1990)
6 (2011)
Adult literacy rate (% in 2005-2010)
Total 75 99
Men 81 99
Women 68 99
Net primary school enrolment rate
(% in 2007-2011)
Total 97 99
Boys 94 99
Girls 99 100
Population using improved drinking water sources (% in 2010)
Total 83 100
Urban 95 100
Rural 80 99
Ecological footprint
(in global hectares per person in 2008)
0.78 6.43