Our words here today must translate into simple realities like food on the table, improved health, and a better life for children around the world. Canada has a clear, open, and transparent record in this area, and we're proud of what we've accomplished.
— The Right Honourable Stephen Harper speaking at the United Nations High Level Plenary on the Millennium Development Goals, September 21, 2010.
I am pleased to present Development for Results 2010. This report provides an overview of the work of the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) in the fiscal year of April 1, 2009, to March 31, 2010. It highlights CIDA's ongoing efforts to ensure that Canadian international development assistance makes a real difference in the lives of the world's poorest and most vulnerable people.
Throughout the year, CIDA moved to implement the Aid Effectiveness Agenda, which was first announced in May 2009. In October and November 2009 we introduced the first two of three thematic priorities of the agenda with the strategies for food security and for children and youth. The third thematic priority, the strategy for sustainable economic growth, was unveiled later, in 2010. With a tighter focus on these three thematic priorities, and on improved effectiveness and accountability, CIDA is better equipped to improve the lives of people in the developing world.
Canada will ensure that accountability for results remains at the core of the global effort to improve the lives of women and children.
CIDA is delivering concrete results for mothers and children through a wide variety of programming, including vaccinations, support for health systems, and delivery of healthy food for mothers and infants.
In 2010, at the Davos Economic Forum, Prime Minister Harper announced that maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) would be the chief goal for the Muskoka G-8 summit agenda. He acknowledged that action was needed as global progress in meeting the Millennium Development Goals in these areas was lagging.
Canada demonstrated its commitment to delivering real results in this and in other areas of international development as host of both the G-8 and G-20 summits.
The most significant event of 2009-2010 was the devastating earth quake in Haiti on January 12, 2010. In this context, Canada delivered its largest-ever humanitarian response working with various federal departments, international and Canadian partners, as well as the Haitian government, to bring immediate relief to those in need. Canadian efforts have helped delivered tangible results for Haitians, including providing emergency food assistance to 4.3 million people, vaccinating one million people against contagious diseases, and providing shelter to 40,000 vulnerable children.
Canadians responded with an outpouring of financial support, which the Government of Canada recognized by creating the Haiti Earthquake Relief Fund as it prepared to help Haiti rebuild. The generosity of our citizens demonstrated Canada's compassion for the less fortunate, and showed the world that our people care deeply about international development.
In 2009-2010, CIDA continued its work in Afghanistan, supporting health, education, and economic growth programming both in the Kandahar region and nationally. In 2011 the next chapter in Canada's engagement in Afghanistan will begin.
Canadians want to know that their tax dollars are spent wisely and effectively. They want to know that the Government of Canada is meeting its commitments.
Development for Results 2010 is a key plank in CIDA's and my personal commitment to achieve real results in Canada's efforts, and explains how our international development work is making a difference in the developing world.
The Honourable Beverley J. Oda
Minister of International Cooperation
To Lead Canada's international effort to help people living in poverty.
Development for Results 2009-2010 is one of a number of ways in which CIDA is accountable to Canadians. This report covers CIDA's activities and programming for fiscal year 2009-2010. It provides a broad overview of Canada's work in international aid and development in key sectors of focus as well as specific reports on Canada's countries of focus. It includes highlights of the achievements delivered in 2009-2010, and indicates future directions as CIDA continued to deliver effective results to the poor in developing countries. This year's edition demonstrates how our increased geographic and thematic focuses are delivering real results.
In June 2008 the Official Development Assistance Accountability Act came into force. Through this Act the Government of Canada established a framework for all official development to ensure that Canada's contribution makes a real difference for the world's poorest and most vulnerable people. The Act requires, among other things, an annual report to be presented to Parliament.
Additional details about CIDA's priorities, programming, and activities can also be found on the Agency's website by consulting annual reports on plans and priorities, departmental performance reports, and the Agency's statistical report.
Another key tool that provides information on all of CIDA's projects is the Project Browser. The Project Browser contains details of more than 3,000 projects funded by CIDA, including the goals of each project. The browser has been cross-referenced, and contains pre-established lists of projects by region, country, program, status, and sector.
The Government of Canada is committed to make Canadian development assistance more effective, more focused, and more accountable.
CIDA's aim is to help people living in poverty in developing countries. It does so by supporting initiatives that are sustainable, have impact, and bring results to those intended-this is what the Agency means by aid effectiveness. CIDA is now increasing its efforts to achieve greater efficiency, accountability, and focus to maximize the benefits brought through the public funds of Canadians.
The Aid Effectiveness Agenda is a step to realizing this commitment. It is the central element in all of CIDA's programming, and gives all of the Agency's activities a clear focus.
CIDA's international development pursuits rest on three key thematic priorities:
Increasing food securityNearly one billion people globally lack basic access to the quality and quantity of food they need. CIDA is focusing its food security programming on improving the lives of the poor by reducing their vulnerability to immediate and long-term food shortages. To address the challenges associated with this priority area, CIDA's efforts in increasing food security are moving forward down three paths:
Securing the future of children and youthOf the 3.4 billion people worldwide under 25 years of age, 90 percent live in the developing world, where a lack of education, child exploitation and violence, poor water quality, inadequate sanitation, malnutrition, and disease combine to make it difficult for young people to survive, let alone thrive. To address these challenges, CIDA's efforts in securing the future of children and youth are moving forward down three paths:
Stimulating sustainable economic growthA dynamic, growing economy creates jobs and provides higher incomes for all people in a developing country. Governments with greater financial resources can offer better health and education services, and improve the well-being of their people. To address the challenges of growing sustainable economies in the developing world, CIDA's efforts in stimulating sustainable economic growth are moving forward down three paths:
To ensure Canadian development aid delivers the maximum possible benefit, Canada untied all of its food assistance in 2008, and is working to fully untie 100 percent of all development aid by 2012-2013. According to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), untying aid increases the effectiveness of each dollar spent by as much as 35 percent since local and low-cost suppliers can be used.
2007 — 75 percent
2008 — 91 percent
2009 — 98 percent
2013 goal — 100 percent
These three key thematic priorities guide CIDA's programming decisions. They enable Canada to work on key issues and challenges in developing countries, and help Canadian international assistance achieve concrete and long-lasting results.
Across these priority areas CIDA integrates three long-term crosscutting themes essential to effective international development results:
Sparking new business ideas
Nearly 80 percent of people who live in Vietnam's Tra Vinh province depend on agriculture to make a living. Through the Saskatchewan Institute of Applied Sciences and Technology, CIDA offers technical assistance to strengthen local cooperatives through the Tra Vinh Improved Livelihoods Project.
In one village, women are contributing to a reserve fund to make loans to other women who are starting small businesses, but are unable to get financing through banks. In another village, women and men are processing coconut fibre and turning it into yarn, which is sold to carpet makers in other provinces. Profits are used to improve spinning methods. A pre-primary school built nearby allows parents to work in the fields while the children learn to read and write. Collectively, these projects build independence and income, addressing both food security and sustainable economic growth.
In the past two to three decades, as of 2009-2010, progress toward key development outcomes has been generally positive, although uneven, as these trends show:
Although the long-term outlook was broadly positive, international development gains remained inherently uncertain, particularly in the short term. Any number of significant political, economic, social, and environmental events, most of which are beyond Canada's control, threaten the attainment of development outcomes-and may even reverse gains made.
The following pages contain examples and stories that show how CIDA development assistance contributed to poverty reduction in 2009-2010. They also contain more detailed consideration of two areas of significant engagement by both CIDA and the Government of Canada as a whole: Haiti and Afghanistan.
Nearly one billion people globally lack basic access to the quality and quantity of food they need. In 2008 the rising price of food led to an international food crisis that increased global awareness of food security issues.
In 2009, CIDA launched a food security strategy to address extreme hunger and undernourishment afflicting the world's most vulnerable people. The strategy is based on three paths:
The strategy is supported by a significant Government of Canada commitment made atthe 2009 G-8 Summit in L'Aquila, Italy. Canada made a commitment to provide an additional $600 million in support of sustainable agricultural development, for a total pledge of nearly $1.18 billion over three years. As of 2009-2010, Canada had disbursed $850 million of this pledge, with 60 percent going to Africa. Canada was the first country to outline its implementation plans on this G-8 commitment.
In addition, Canada's food assistance has been completely untied since April 2008, and we are on track to untie all of our aid by 2012-2013. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development estimates that untied aid can increase the buying power of our food-assistance dollars by 35 percent and other non-food aid dollars by as much as 30 percent.
In 2009-2010, Canada maintained its position as the second largest single country donor to the United Nations World Food Programme, and fulfilled its commitment under the Food Aid Convention.
One of the most effective investments to reduce poverty and contribute to food security is to develop a country's agriculture. CIDA's strategy, therefore, addresses the importance of supporting strong national and regional agricultural development plans and their implementation at field level by smallholder farmers, in particular, women. Research and development plays a vital role in developing sustainable agricultural practices and technologies for smallholder farmers and in achieving the transformative change in agricultural productivity required to feed the world.
Canada's support to the Micronutrient Initiative has helped to save and enhance millions of children's lives. This commitmentto vitamin and mineral programs positions Canada as the world's leader in nutrition security.
— Venkatesh Mannar, President
Rice generates a significant portion of incomes in Vietnam's Soc Trang province. CIDAis improving the quality and value of rice production in conjunction with the province's Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, and with two Vietnamese universities.
Two new varieties of fragrant rice were developed for local markets. These have proven so popular that they are now produced in three other provinces in the Mekong Delta, resulting in a 20-percent increase in farmers' incomes. Applying new biological and organic models for pest control improved rice production at a lower cost. A laboratory for seed testing and verification was built to ensure that seed types continue to be developed, and that they meet international standards. As a result, the area under fragrant rice cultivation has grown from 3,600 hectares in 2005 to 18,700 hectares in 2009.
Strong, healthy mothers are the best guarantee of strong, healthy children. In western Sudan, Alek Chol has come with her two-month-old son to pick up her monthly ration of corn-soya blend, sugar, and oil.
"She is breastfeeding, and needs highly nutritious food, which she does not get at home,"; says Sister Gracy Adichirayil, Coordinator of the Sikka Hadid Centre, through which the World Food Programme (WFP) runs a supplementary feeding initiative.
About 80 percent of WFP funding supports vulnerable mothers and their children worldwide. Some 32 percent of Sudanese children are malnourished, and the WFP is feeding 4.3 million people in southern Sudan alone.
A diverse diet that includes fruits, vegetables, and animal products is one of the most sustainable methods to provide nutrition. However, when these foods are unavailable to the poor, nutritional supplements are very effective. As a founding partner of the Micronutrient Initiative, Canada has promoted vitamin A and iodine as a means to help the physical and intellectual development of children. With these and other micronutrients, such as iron and zinc, millions of people are able to benefit from improved nutrition. Emergency food assistance, social safety nets, and nutrition interventions play an important role in addressing the immediate needs of the most vulnerable and higher-risk populations.
In 2009-2010, Canada, through CIDA, supported 70 projects with nutrition components in 78 countries.
The five-year Canadian International Food Security Research Fund was launched as a joint initiative between CIDA and the International Development Research Centre. It has been designed to benefit the most vulnerable, particularly women and smallholder farmers, by addressing the food insecurity of local communities. It funds research projects that increase the quantity and quality of food through initiatives that improve the nutritional value of crops, make crops more resilient to a changing climate, and address plant and animal diseases. It also supports R&D partnerships among research organizations in Canada and the developing world in collaboration with smallholder farmers, and funds initiatives that will lead to increased food production.
At the global level, CIDA provided long-term institutional support and initiative-specific bilateral funding to the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) for the generation of public research products to help foster sustainable agricultural growth. Canada's L'Aquila Food Security Initiative (AFSI) commitment provided funding to the CGIAR challenge programs, including Harvest Plus, which focuses on bio-fortification to increase the micronutrient values of staple foods, and to climate change, and agriculture and food security programs, which explore new ways to help vulnerable rural communities adjust to the impacts of climate change.
At the regional level, CIDA supported a number of research organizations, including the Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa (FARA), the Pan-Africa Bean Research Alliance (PABRA), and the Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa (ASARECA). These organizations aim to develop regionally adapted research products and to increase the human and technical capacity related to agricultural research.
Once again, Canada is showing bold leadership with a comprehensive new strategy that supports forward-looking approaches to food security.
— Josette Sheeran, Executive Director
World Food Programme
Some 3.4 billion people around the world-nearly half the planet's population-are under the age of 25. About 90 percent live in developing countries. To address their needs, CIDA developed a children and youth strategy that is based on three paths:
Child survival, including maternal health
About nine million children die before their fifth birthday, often because of poor water quality, inadequate sanitation, malnutrition, and diseases that are treatable and preventable.
Child mortality has decreased, but progress is uneven and the death rate remains high among newborns and children under the age of two. In fact, maternal, newborn, and child health are covered by the two Millennium Development Goals (4 and 5) where considerable work remains to be done.
By providing innovative and sustainable pediatric health care education programs, by promoting leadership in child health, and by strengthening the capacity of health systems, we can work together to improve child health outcomes in Ghana, Ethiopia, and Tanzania.
— Cathy Séguin, Vice-President
SickKids International Affairs
Through the Agency's existing programming, CIDA is improving the health of the world's mothers and children. For example, in 2010, 82 percent of Ethiopian children were vaccinated against diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus, up from 73 percent in 2008; and 90 percent of children in Nigeria are now immunized in the highest-risk states as a result of polio-vaccination campaigns.
Through Canada's support to the Catalytic Initiative to Save a Million Lives, front-line health workers were trained, equipped, and deployed to communities to prevent and treat illness and deliver health services to vulnerable groups of children and pregnant women. As of March 2010, more than 20,000 of the estimated 40,000 front-line health workers to be trained with Canadian support have been equipped and deployed to communities.
In addition, Canadian support is also contributing to increases in the coverage of essential health services for the leading causes of death among children under the age of five. In Niger, for example, this includes an increase in coverage of children treated for pneumonia with antibiotics from 47 percent in 2006 to 56 percent in 2009 and an increase in coverage of children treated with antimalarials from 33 percent in 2006 to 51 percent in 2009.
Giving a special chance to those with special needs in education
With help from CIDA, BRAC provides an education program in Bangladesh for marginalized groups, including the very poor, school dropouts, ethnic minorities, and children with special needs. BRAC has provided community services and quality education to the poorest of the poor, especially girls, since 1972. Internationally recognized for its success in education projects and with 97 percent of its students going on to secondary school, BRAC supports the Government of Bangladesh in reaching its goal of providing an education for all.
In 2004 some 9,600 children with special needs were enrolled in the program; by 2009 that number had grown to more than 26,000. That year, an astonishing 98 percent of eligible students had successfully completed Grade 5.
Hope through health
Two thirds of Mozambique's population live in rural areas, where trained health-care workers are scarce. Many of the health workers in the country have not been adequately trained to deal with health problems such as combatting HIV/AIDS. With help from CIDA and the University of Saskatchewan, the Massinga Centre for Continuing Education in Health provides quality training to health workers. As learning new practices reignites their passion to help others, these workers go on to engage communities and train other health workers. The Massinga Centre's curriculum is now being used as the basis for revising Mozambique's national health workers training curriculum.
By the end of the current project, the centre aims to have provided:
CIDA will work to:
An educated workforce is essential to long-term sustainable development and the reduction of extreme poverty.
Access to education has improved in the developing world, yet financial, social, health, and security reasons are keeping 67 million children-53 percent of them girls-out of school. Getting children into school is a priority, as is keeping them there for the full 10-year cycle of basic education. National education systems need to be strengthened through teacher training, a relevant curriculum, and better learning materials.
CIDA is working toward:
These efforts are designed to create strong educational systems that provide more children and youth, girls in particular, with the basic skills they will need to become productive citizens.
In Mozambique, CIDA has supported the distribution of textbooks, student workbooks, and teacher manuals, reaching a total distribution of more than 90 million to date.This year, newly developed teaching and learning materials pay special attention to HIV/AIDS and gender equality, and were provided to more than 3.5 million primary school students and teachers. Textbooks were supplied in a timely fashion, and over 85 percent of all primary school children have their own.
In Senegal, with Canadian support, the Ministry of Education improved the physical environment around 2,500 primary schools, providing a safe learning space for children; revised the national primary school curriculum based on the Canadian competency-based model; and trained 8,000 teachers in new teaching and learning methods.
Millions of children and youth experience violence, abuse, and exploitation. Through armed conflict, human trafficking, sexual exploitation, harmful forms of child labour, and cultural practices such as female genital mutilation, the rights of children and youth in many developing countries are violated. Without addressing safety and security issues affecting children and youth, investments in health, education, and other areas may not bring lasting improvements. This is especially important in the transition years to adulthood, when youth seek opportunities to contribute to their communities. CIDA works with police and the judiciary, teachers, civil servants, health specialists, and the community as a whole to help build a safe and secure environment in which children can grow, learn, and play.
To help give children and youth safe and secure futures, CIDA is working toward:
In southwest Colombia, for example, nine educational institutions and 80 teachers are taking part in a Conflict Resolution for Adolescents Project, implemented by Plan Canada and funded by CIDA. The project, which has trained 300 youths and 284 parents, aims to give young victims of violence, discrimination, or rejection the means to re-assume their place at school, in their family, and in the community.
The commercial sexual exploitation of children is a formidable problem in Cartagena. With a population of one million, this port city on the Caribbean Sea is a destination of choice for sexual tourists. But Luz Stella Cárdenas, founder and director of Fundación Renacer, is determined to wipe out this trend, despite the well-established crime syndicates of Cartegena.
Mrs. Cárdenas, an activist and trained psychologist, started a project with CIDA support to protect girls and boys from commercial sexual exploitation. She intends to make every tourism industry worker a "wall" against child sexual exploitation, just as the old city's walls were built to protect it from pirates and invaders.
"We have been fighting this scourge for over a decade," says Mrs. Cárdenas. "At first, the local tourism industry viewed us as troublemakers. Little by little, we were able to convince them that the city could not develop sustainably on the basis of sexual tourism by Colombians and foreign tourists alike."
Mrs. Cárdenas's eight-member team has worked with government bodies and private sector partners to get local businesses to adopt a code of conduct and to raise awareness through schools and workshops for youth. A halfway house for victims of sexual exploitation is helping these children to regain confidence and rebuild their lives.
CIDA has been highly supportive of the project's organic development through strong South-South relations, and its presence at planning sessions as an unobtrusive participant has bolstered trust among CIDA, PALAMA, and the three partner countries: Rwanda, Burundi, and south Sudan. This five-year project is an example of how the Paris Declaration can be translated into action, and of how Southern voices have not only been heard, but have in fact initiated and driven innovative projects funded by Northern partners.
— Dr. Sal Muthayan
Public Administration Leadership and Management Academy (PALAMA)
Republic of South Africa
Growing the economy is the best way to help people lift themselves out of poverty permanently. A dynamic, growing economy creates jobs and raises incomes. Economic growth also generates the financial resources governments need to invest in the well-being of their citizens.
Through its sustainable economic growth strategy, CIDA is focusing its key investments to help developing countries foster sustainable economic growth and to provide opportunities to their citizens to live better lives.
Within the strategy, CIDA is focusing on three paths:
For developing countries, barriers that prevent sustainable economic growth are difficult to overcome, including:
With accountable governments, open and effective markets, quality infrastructure, capable human capital, equal opportunities for women and men, and natural resources that are managed sustainably and responsibly, economies that flounder can turn into economies that flourish.
Through the Sustainable Economic Growth Strategy, CIDA supports development efforts to ensure the essential elements for growth are in place and that they function together to reduce poverty.
CIDA is implementing its strategy while recognizing that all countries face different challenges with their own unique barriers to growing their economies. CIDA works with development partners, including those in developing countries, other donors, and Canada's civil society and the private sector, to understand better what prevents economic progress in each situation, and to identify and apply the measures that will best generate sustainable economic growth.
Colombia has made important progress in protecting the rights of children and youth. Within this context, we are grateful for the significant and appropriate support from Canada in helping to improve the lives of Colombian children and families.
— Angelino Garzon
Vice-President of Colombia
Ingenuity and innovation for local business
In Kaolack, Senegal, some thirty local business advisers-one third of them women-are learning how to build a business from concept to launch. In a project that CIDA supports through Service d'aide aux jeunes entreprises de Montréal, local businesspeople get management training, and they in turn act as mentors to others in the community who want to go into business.
The training is for employees of business and social organizations who want to become specialists in all aspects of business. They are provided with the tools that will allow them to help entrepreneurs turn their business concepts into reality and give them a competitive advantage. These tools include managing grants, establishing and monitoring business objectives and goals, as well as developing and promoting businesses. Participants developed greater confidence in their own talents and abilities, and gained an increased respect for their colleagues. In some cases, they were promoted in their jobs.
Growth happens best when governments encourage investment, innovation, and transparency, and when fair regulations let entrepreneurs grow their businesses without the burden of excessive red tape.
In too many developing countries, obstacles such as bad fiscal management, corruption, and political instability overshadow opportunities of investment, innovation, and competition.
For economies to flourish, countries must ensure sound financial and economic management that encourages private investment and reduces corruption.
Developing countries must also build up the institutions, laws, and regulations that govern their economies in order for growth and success to happen. This includes government policies that open markets to trade and attract infrastructure investment to deepen integration into local, regional, and global economies. It also includes promoting policies that improve natural resource management and environmental sustainability, including corporate social responsibility.
By contributing to a multidonor pooled fund, CIDA assisted the East African Community (EAC) in its efforts to promote and coordinate the adoption of harmonized policies and regulations on customs, tariffs, and other trade matters. The project also supports the joint negotiation of extra-regional trade agreements, and the full participation in the EAC of the new partner states: Rwanda and Burundi. As of March 2010, the EAC has seen significant developments in trade and regional integration. Integration efforts have led to significant increases in intra-EAC trade, from US$1.847 billion to US$2.715 billion between 2005 and 2008.
Entrepreneurs in developing countries want to contribute, but small or medium-sized enterprises often lack financial support or other tools to turn concepts into commercially viable success stories. CIDA helps entrepreneurs in developing countries gain better access to credit, and to insurance and financial services, including microfinance products.
In Sri Lanka, for example, CIDA's activities in support of microfinance helped to create 57 community groups in four regions and to raise incomes in these areas by 20 percent.
As a qualified plumber and a leader in this water sanitation project, Rosalina Ortega (foreground) is a role model for women in Tarritos, Honduras. "It is important to be a woman plumber because when someone does a job, that person is important," says Rosalina.
In Tarritos, Honduras, Rosalina Ortega is a role model for women because of her responsibilities as a plumber in a water sanitation project to ensure that Hondurans have access to safe drinking water and effective sanitation services. About 42 percent of the community's municipal water systems are managed by women.
A CARE Canada project (supported by both CIDA and the World Bank) is helping women in Tarritos get their trade qualifications.
Now 28 women graduates maintain 13 water systems in 20 communities. Although they face resistance in a male-dominated trade, these women have acquired skills that allow them to find employment and improve their standard of living. They have broken down barriers and helped change the perception of what women can achieve.
For a developing country, investments in skills are as important to sustainable economic growth as investments in heavy machinery and equipment. Women, in particular, are involved in all elements of developing world economies-from food production to income generation and from management of natural resources to community organization.
In the village of Kafaba, Ghana, a young mother of two, Sahada, used to support her family by walking through the village selling okra and pepper from a basket she carried on her head.
Through a community project managed by Agriteam Canada and CARE Canada, with CIDA support, she has increased her inventory, and now sells her goods under the tin roof of a stall erected in the marketplace.
Women rent these stalls for 80 cents per month. The money is used to maintain the structures and keep the market area clean. In a nearby stall, Habiba, a widow, sells cooking oil, groundnuts, salt, and pepper. As a result of renting the stall, she has increased her monthly profits by $21-enough to send her five children to school.
Haiti is one of CIDA's 20 countries of focus, and in 2009-2010 was the Agency's largest mission in the Americas. Following the January 2010 earthquake, CIDA delivered urgently needed humanitarian aid to save lives.
Canada responded quickly and effectively by helping to provide emergency medical services, security, shelter, food, water, and sanitation services to those affected. The Canadian contribution amounted to a total of $150.15 million in immediate humanitarian assistance to Canadian and international organizations working on the ground.
At the International Donors' Conference Towards a New Future for Haiti held in New York City on March 31, Canada pledged $400 million over two years (2010-2012) to support the Action Plan for National Recovery and Development of Haiti and toward funding the priorities of the Haitian government. This commitment was in addition to Canada's longer-term development assistance in Haiti ($555 million for 2006-2011).
Mobile Hospitals Save Lives
One key lifesaving initiative that made a significant difference in Haiti after the earthquake was a mobile field hospital co-funded by the Norwegian Red Cross and the Canadian Red Cross. It included customized modules for surgery, first aid, and triage; a ward with 70 beds; a community health unit; and a psychosocial support unit.
The hospital, set up in Port-au-Prince, has helped the Canadian Red Cross provide health and medical care to Haitians affected by the earthquake. CIDA provided funds, as well as 10 Canadian medical and technical professionals.
Based on this experience, CIDA began working with the Canadian Red Cross Society to develop a new mobile emergency field hospital that will deploy from Canada. This will be the first such hospital based in the Americas.
I thank God first of all for having saved us during the January 12 earthquake, and then for the Red Cross. During the earthquake we lost family and children. My house was crushed. We had to sleep in the fields under a blanket. Thanks to the Canadian Red Cross, when it rains during the night, I sleep peacefully.
— Gisèle Console, who now has a temporary shelter built by the Canadian Red Cross near Léogâne. With support from CIDA, the Canadian Red Cross and the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent are building 15,000 earthquake- and hurricane-resistant homes.
In response to the earthquake, and in recognition that Canadians generously donated a total of $220 million to registered Canadian charities, the Government of Canada contributed an equivalent amount, and created the Haiti Earthquake Relief Fund to provide humanitarian assistance, and recovery and reconstruction efforts.
The earthquake occurred at a time when Haiti had just completed a year of relative stability in terms of security and development as well as progress on human rights. Canada had played an active role in that progress, helping achieve results in health education and in combatting hunger.
For example, CIDA helped provide access to quality health services for 1,140,000 Haitians with sexually transmitted infections, including young people in the Artibonite region.
The Agency also distributed agricultural products (seeds, compost, and tools) to more than 39,000 families to help improve food security and production.
From an economic-growth perspective, CIDA helped more than 350,000 Haitians become members of 48 credit unions, thus enhancing their access to microcredit. This network is providing hundreds of permanent jobs in rural areas and helping hundreds of members participate in managing this democratic institution.
In total, the Government of Canada's commitment to Haiti is more than $1 billion (2006-2012). Both the Agency's long-term commitment and its response to the earthquake contributed to making Haiti the largest recipient of Canadian development in 2009-2010.
Canada also supports routine vaccination in Haiti. As of April 2009, Canadian support has helped provide 4.7 million children and adolescents with a bivalent vaccine against measles and rubella. An additional 800,000 children have also received vitamin A, which can help protect them from measles infection.
In fiscal year 2009-2010, Afghanistan was the second largest recipient of CIDA-delivered aid, with the Agency contributing approximately $238 million to reconstruction, development, humanitarian-assistance efforts, and multilateral aid. CIDA's work has been focused both on the Kandahar region-where the Canadian military engagement is centred-and nationally, across Afghanistan as a whole.
With CIDA's support, key programs in education, health, economic growth, mine action, humanitarian aid, public institutions, and elections have helped the Afghan government address its priorities and the needs of its citizens while advancing sustainable development objectives.
Although Afghans continue to suffer the effects of poverty, inequality, and insecurity, clear signs of development progress are starting to emerge, particularly in the areas of education, economic growth programming, and strengthening democratic institutions.
Basic services - education and economic growth
A portion of CIDA's development efforts in Afghanistan focus on supporting programs that give all Afghans, including women and girls, better access to basic services, such as education and vocational training, and employment opportunities.
In 2009, 6.2 million children-one third of them girls-were enrolled in Afghanistan's 10,500 schools . This was a significant improvement since 2001, when just 700,000 children were in school, all of them boys.
Through the education signature project, Canada supported the rehabilitation and construction of 16 schools in Kandahar province, and another 27 were under construction by the end of the fiscal year.
Additionally, 110,000 teachers and principals received basic training and skills enhancement as part of the Education Quality Improvement Project, through which CIDA helps to increase quality, access, and gender equity in Afghanistan's education sector.
In 2009-2010, through the provision of literacy training to 23,500 people, CIDA surpassed its 2008 benchmark of 20,000.
In order to increase the economic opportunities afforded to Afghans, CIDA has also supported sustainable economic growth programs.
Through the Vocational Training for Afghan Women project, vulnerable women are learning new skills they need to earn an income. The project is one of a number of training programs supported by CIDA that benefited both women and men. Of the 1,240 trainees who graduated with marketable skills in 2009, 59 percent were women.
Rehabilitating the Dahla Dam and its irrigation system
In Kandahar province 80 percent of the population lives along the Arghandab River, fed by the Dahla Dam and its irrigation system. To restore the Arghandab Valley as the agricultural heartland of Afghanistan, this project facilitates improved irrigation and agricultural services. In 2009-2010, CIDA continued rehabilitation efforts on irrigation canals by removing approximately 85,000 cubic metres of silt (equivalent to the loads of more than 4,470 dump trucks), thus improving water flow to Kandahar farmers. Agricultural output has increased as 3,500 hectares of land have benefited from better irrigation.
CIDA has also helped Afghans gain better access to financial services by supporting the Microfinance Investment Support Facility for Afghanistan (MISFA). Across Afghanistan, more than 430,000 Afghans-60 percent women-have received loans since 2003. CIDA's support for MISFA programming in Kandahar province has delivered substantial results: 1,100 Kandaharis had received assistance by March 2010.
Millions of Afghans remain vulnerable to chronic food insecurity, natural and man-made disasters, and landmines. Canada has committed up to $111 million in 2008-2011 to help the Government of Afghanistan provide humanitarian assistance in the province of Kandahar and nationwide.
CIDA's support to the health sector in Afghanistan focuses on improving access to health services for the most vulnerable parts of the population, particularly mothers and children.
In April 2009, through CIDA's support to UNICEF, the Maternal Waiting Home in Kandahar province was officially inaugurated. This new facility provides women with professional prenatal care and with access to emergency obstetric services in the event of complications.
As part of the effort to eradicate polio, CIDA support has strengthened the Afghan Ministry of Public Health's disease surveillance and detection systems, and trained and mobilized volunteer community health workers. More than 54,000 volunteers received training on implementing nationwide vaccination campaigns, nine of which occurred in 2009-2010 through the Global Polio Eradication Initiative.
In addition, Canada exceeded its benchmark target of training 500 health care staff in Kandahar province when more than 1,100 were trained.
With CIDA's support, the WFP distributed more than 275,900 tonnes of food to approximately nine million vulnerable Afghans in 2009-2010. In Kandahar province more than 16,000 tonnes of food reached more than 400,000 beneficiaries. In addition, 4.4 million Afghans benefited from the WFP's Food-for-Work programs aimed at developing community assets, including roads, bridges, reservoirs, and irrigation systems.
Through CIDA's support, the Mine Action Coordination Centre of Afghanistan released a total of 574 square kilometres of land. In 2009 the number of landmine victims dropped by more than 70 percent since 2001 to its lowest level ever. By March 2010 mine-risk education had been delivered to more than one million people nationwide, including 480,000 Kandaharis.
One of Canada's six priorities in Afghanistan is to help advance Afghanistan's capacity for democratic governance by contributing to effective and accountable public institutions and electoral processes.
Giving Afghan women a voice
The National Solidarity Program (NSP) is the Government of Afghanistan's mechanism for the development of rural infrastructure. It is the largest community development project in the history of Afghanistan. The program seeks to reduce poverty by strengthening community-level governance and by providing grants to communities throughout the country to implement projects identified by communities themselves such as reconstruction activities.
With CIDA's support, more than 22,000 Community Development Councils (CDCs) have been established across Afghanistan, representing more than half of all communities. The CDCs have achieved unprecedented, widespread involvement of women in rural Afghanistan's community decision-making apparatus.
In 2009-2010, CIDA supported the Afghan government's efforts to combat corruption by the enhancement of public financial systems and management. For example, CIDA deployed a Canadian adviser who helped Afghanistan's Attorney General establish the anticorruption unit within that office.
At the municipal and district levels, CIDA supported the UN-Habitat's Governance and Development Support Programme, which helped urban community development councils improve the delivery of basic services such as water supply, sanitation, drainage, and access roads to more than 37,000 households in Kandahar city.
In advancing human rights, CIDA's support to the Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC) contributed to helping the organization monitor and promote human rights, especially women's rights. With Canadian support, the AIHRC worked with the police, the judiciary, and parliament, and assisted in aligning Afghan laws, systems, and procedures with international human rights standards.
Nationally, CIDA supported projects aimed at strengthening electoral processes as well as local programs for encouraging voter participation. In the 2009 parliamentary elections, women constituted approximately 10 percent of Provincial Council candidates-a 15 percent increase in women candidates since the 2005 elections.
Although women in Afghanistan continue to confront serious obstacles in their efforts to achieve greater political participation, CIDA's support of female candidates led to the training of more than 200 women candidates on key campaign skills and knowledge of the electoral process.
The collaboration between CIDA and the Pan American Health Organization played a critical role in establishing rubella and congenital rubella syndrome as a public health priority in the Americas, which helped harness the support of political leaders, engage new partners, and ensure a group of dedicated health workers fighting for rubella elimination to prevent the devastating consequences of congenital rubella syndrome.
— Dr. Jon Kim Andrus
Pan American Health Organization
Full financial details and explanations for 2009-2010 are available in CIDA's Statistical Report on International Assistance: Fiscal Year 2009-2010.
|Total assistance by sector||($ millions)|
|Private sector development||335.9|
|Peace and security||39.6|
These figures include administrative costs and changes in value of investments in international financial institutions due to exchange rate fluctuations.
|Total assistance by continent||($ millions)|
|North Africa and the Middle East||$134.38 million|
|Sub-Saharan Africa||$1.357 billion|
|Eastern Europe||$42.84 million|
|Country of focus||($ millions)|
|West Bank and Gaza||60.75|
|Caribbean Regional Program||37.14|
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